Some foods of plant origin contain the antioxidant, betacarotene, which the body converts to vitamin A. Fat-soluble Fat-soluble vitamins are absorbed through the intestinal tract with the help of lipids fats. June, The list of vitamins and minerals below can give you an understanding of how particular vitamins and minerals work in your body, how much of each nutrient you need every day, and what types of food to eat to ensure that you are getting an adequate supply.
The risk for cardiovascular disease can be slightly reduced for a large fraction of the population by folic acid supplements.
Vitamin E Deficiency Vitamin E deficiency is rare. Here, vitamins are administered even with no test for possible deficiency. It also helps maintain proper blood levels of calcium and phosphorus. Pantothenic acid, also known as vitamin B5, is widely available in plant and animal food sources and helps support cellular energy production in the body.
Vitamin D in your bloodstream appears in blood tests and has a relatively long circulating life of about 30 days, according to the Office of Dietary Supplements.
There are nine water-soluble vitamins. Functions of Vitamin D Since Vitamin D is concerned with calcium metabolism, they control the absorption of phosphorous and calcium from the small intestine. Those on a vegan or vegetarian diet often don't get enough B12 as it's mostly found in animal products.
The body does not need these vitamins every day and stores them in the liver and adipose fat tissue when not used. Plasma — Blood consists of red and white cells, as well as other components, that float in a liquid.
The symptoms of megaloblastic anemia are tiredness and weakness. Also, people with chronic diarrhea may have problems absorbing sufficient amounts of vitamin K through the intestine and should consult their physician to determine if supplementation is necessary.
And while most people take vitamins to avoid common deficiency-related diseases, not all products available cater to what your body requires. Functions of Vitamin E Vitamin E supports cardiac health by maintaining healthy cholesterol levels.
Hence, they rely on easily available animal and plant sources for replenishment. Recently published data introduces a concern that some adults and children may be more prone to developing vitamin D deficiency due to an increase in sunscreen use.
Like the rest of your body, your digestive system requires all essential vitamins and minerals. Deficiency can lead to abnormal bleeding. Low levels of folate are linked to birth defects such as spina bifida. Key terms Genetic disease — A genetic disease is a disease that is passed from one generation to the next, but does not necessarily appear in each generation.
Also known as vitamin B2, riboflavin supports cellular energy production. Plays an important role in bone growth and in the immune system. Foods, dietary supplements and sun exposure provide vitamin D.
If you constantly feel sluggish and suffer from chronic health-related inconveniences, you might be short of the vitamins your body needs to function properly. Although your body can become toxic from excessive supplemental intake, the toxicity does not derive from vitamin D—rich foods or sun exposure, according to the Office of Dietary Supplements.
They also play important roles in bodily functions such as metabolism, immunity and digestion. VitaminB2 Riboflavin alleviates symptoms of migraine.
Helps with muscle contractions and relaxation, blood clotting, and nerve impulse transmission. They help in elevation of bone mass thus preventing osteoporosis.
Diets very high in calcium may increase the risk of prostate cancer. Vitamins are classified by their biological and chemical activity, not their structure: Animal sources of vitamin B12 are absorbed much better by the body than plant sources. Vitamin C. Important in wound healing and acts as an antioxidant.
It also helps the body absorb iron. It's found in citrus fruits, potatoes, and greens. The B vitamin family is made up of eight B vitamins. Although they are commonly recognized as a group and often work together in the body, each of the B vitamins performs unique and important functions.
Vitamin treatment is important during specific diseases where the body's normal processing of a vitamin is impaired.
Chemical compounds necessary for normal body function. Vitamins are needed for the proper synthesis of body B-complex and E, with a possible danger to their health by overconsumption. For sources, functions and. Vitamin, any of the organic compounds required by the body in small amounts for metabolism, to protect health, and for proper growth in children.
Vitamins also assist in the formation of hormones, blood cells, nervous-system chemicals, and genetic material. Water-soluble vitamins dissolve easily in water, and in general, are readily excreted from the body, to the degree that urinary output is a strong predictor of vitamin consumption.
Because they are not readily stored, consistent daily intake is important. Video: What Are Vitamins? - Definition, Types, Purpose & Examples - Definition, Types, Purpose & Examples In this lesson, you will learn about vitamins and the different types your body needs.The description of vitamins and their importance in the body