Previously fashionable "revolutionary" expressionismabstract art, and avant-garde experimentation were discouraged or denounced as "formalism.
In OctoberStalin's supporters voted Trotsky out of the Politburo. Shortly before their executions in AugustKamenev and Zinoviev had denounced Bukharin as a traitor during their show trial. Anxious to strengthen his western frontiers while his new but palpably treacherous German ally was still engaged in the West, Stalin annexed eastern PolandEstoniaLatviaLithuaniaand parts of Romania ; he also attacked Finland and extorted territorial concessions.
Stalin turns on the Right[ edit ] After the United Opposition were illegalized in Decemberthe Kulaks and NEPmen were emboldened and exerted much greater economic pressure on the Soviet government in the months afterwards.
In the war's opening stages, the retreating Red Army also sought to deny resources to the enemy through a "scorched earth" policy of destroying the infrastructure and food supplies of areas before the Germans could seize them.
He was the son of a poor cobbler in the provincial Georgian town of Gori in the Caucasusthen an imperial Russian colony. All three of them were "Old Bolsheviks"; members of the Bolshevik party before the Russian Revolution of From communist governments were imposed in PolandCzechoslovakiaHungaryRomania and Bulgaria and home-grown communist dictatorships rose to power in Yugoslavia and Albania.
Famous figures were not only repressed, but often persecuted, tortured and executed, both "revolutionaries" among them Isaac BabelVsevolod Meyerhold and "non-conformists" for example, Osip Mandelstam.
Stalin was sleeping in another room that night,  so her death was not discovered until the next morning. Workers who exceeded their quotas, Stakhanovites, were rewarded with incentives for their efforts.
They had two children. Nikita Khrushchevone of Stalin's supporters in life and his eventual successor, chose to denounce Stalin's rule, his cult of personality and his brutal, genocidal rule at the Twentieth Congress of the Communist Party of the USSR in They had two children.
Her first husband, poet Nikolai Gumilev, had been shot inand her son, historian Lev Gumilevspent two decades in the gulag.
Yet Stalin was successful in rapidly industrializing a backward country—as was widely acknowledged by enthusiastic contemporary foreign witnesses, including Adolf Hitler and such well-known writers as H. The other Politburo members agreed with Stalin, and supported his nomination of Vyacheslav Molotov.
After the Social Democrats Marxist revolutionaries of the Russian Empire had split into their two competing wings— Menshevik and Bolshevik —inDzhugashvili joined the second, more militant, of these factions and became a disciple of its leader, Lenin.
The Tukhachevsky trial triggered a massive subsequent purge of the Red Army. This event has become known as the Katyn Massacre. Stalin opposed Zinoviev's demand, and skillfully played the role of a moderate. Rosa was the sister of Lazar Kaganovich, a Soviet political leader.
Science Science in the Soviet Union was under strict ideological control, along with art and literature. One of the best early examples of Stalin's ability to integrate secret police and foreign espionage came inwhen he gave approval to the secret police to have Leon Trotsky assassinated in Mexico.
Hitler's experts had expected eight weeks of war, and early indications appeared to support their predictions. Beria's January letter to Stalin, asking permission to execute "enemies of the CPSU and of the Soviet authorities" who conducted "counter-revolutionary, right-Trotskyite plotting and spying activities.
For instance, some inventions and scientific discoveries were reclaimed by ethnic Russian researchers.
Internationally, Stalin viewed Soviet consolidation of power as a necessary step to protect the USSR by surrounding it with countries with friendly governments, to act as a cordon sanitaire buffer against possible invaders while the West sought a similar buffer against communism.
Stalin's policies granted the Soviet people universal access to health care and education, effectively creating the first generation free from the fear of typhus, cholera, and malaria.
Iosif Vissarionovič Stalin, born Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili, December 18, (O.S. December 6) – March 5,usually transliterated Josef Stalin, consolidated power to become the absolute ruler of the Soviet Union between and his death in Stalin held the title General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (), a position.
Stalin: A Political Biography (Galaxy Books) [Isaac Deutscher] on thesanfranista.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Exhaustive analysis of the life and career of the Soviet Union's most brutal dictator. Joseph Stalin: Joseph Stalin, secretary-general of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (–53) and premier of the Soviet state (–53), who for a quarter of a century dictatorially ruled the Soviet Union and transformed it into a major world power.
Learn more about Stalin in this article. I read quite a bit of information about Stalin on the internet, from various sources, before I purchased and watched this video. I thought the information presented by this relatively short film was lacking in many interesting details of Stalin's story.
Joseph Stalin was the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union's Central Committee from until his death in In the years following the death of Vladimir Lenin inStalin rose to become the leader of the Soviet Union.
After growing up in Georgia, Stalin conducted discreet activities for the Bolshevik Party for twelve years before the Russian Revolution of Joseph Stalin (born Ioseb Besarionis dze Jughashvili; 18 December – 5 March ) was a Soviet revolutionary and politician of Georgian ethnicity.
He ruled the Soviet Union from the mids until his death inholding the titles of General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from to and the nation's Premier from toThe early life and political career of joseph stalin